Photographs by Dr. Panos Varvarigos

Isopodosis of sea bass and sea bream
(Flabellifera, Cymothoidae, Ceratothoa oestroides)


Ceratothoa oestroides pair of adults in the buccal cavity of sea bass. The operculum has been removed for better observation.

Ceratothoa oestroides young pair of adults from the buccal cavity of a moribund sea bass.


Ventral view of Ceratothoa oestroides mature adult females. Three ovigerous females next to one ready to release the pulli II larvae from its marsupium.

Eggs, pulli II larvae and dorsal view of an adult male (small) and an adult female Ceratothoa oestroides.

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Author: Dr. Panos Varvarigos
Freelance Veterinarian - Fish Pathologist, Athens, Greece.


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Every effort has been made to ensure that the information is accurate until the date of last editing. It is based upon the accumulated personal experience of applied veterinary work. The author cannot take responsibility for incorrect interpretation or any resulting consequences. The contents may be used as an educational guide and are definitely not meant to become a stand-alone diagnostic tool or operations manual.


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